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Home » Enlarged Prostate

Learn About Enlarged Prostate and How We Can Help.












Self Care

What is an Enlarged Prostate?

An enlarged prostate is a concern that can affect men as they age. It occurs when the prostate gland grows in size. This can cause various urinary symptoms, such as irregular urination, difficulty starting and stopping, and a weak urine stream. While an enlarged prostate is not cancerous, it can cause discomfort and interfere with daily activities. Sometimes, it can lead to more severe complications, such as urinary tract infections or kidney damage. Treatment options for an enlarged prostate include medication, minimally invasive procedures, and surgery. Learn more about the signs of enlarged prostate as we move ahead. Men must be aware of the symptoms of an enlarged prostate and speak with a healthcare provider if they are experiencing any urinary problems. Early detection and treatment can help manage the condition and prevent complications.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Enlarged Prostate Symptoms

The most common enlarged prostate symptoms are:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream
  • Difficulty stopping and starting urination
  • Inability to drain bladder completely
  • Urgency to urinate
  • Straining to urinate

During an online consultation for an enlarged prostate, a doctor can assess symptoms by asking the patient about their urinary symptoms and medical history. The doctor may ask about the frequency and urgency of urination and any difficulty starting or stopping urination. The doctor may also ask about any pain or discomfort during urination or ejaculation, as well as any blood in the urine or semen. The doctor may also ask about the patient’s overall health, including any other conditions or medications impacting their urinary symptoms. Additionally, the doctor may perform a physical examination and order further testing such as a urinalysis, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, or ultrasound to help confirm a diagnosis.In some cases, an enlarged prostate may also cause urinary tract infections, kidney damage, or bladder stones. Suppose you are feeling any of these symptoms. In that case, speaking with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment is essential.

Enlarged Prostate Causes

What causes an enlarged prostate, you may ask? The exact causes of prostate enlargement are not fully understood. Still, it is thought to be related to hormonal changes as men age. As men age, their bodies produce less male hormone testosterone and more female hormone estrogen. This imbalance of hormones may contribute to the growth of the prostate gland.

Other factors that can potentially increase the risk of an enlarged prostate include a family history of BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia), age, certain medications, obesity, sedentary lifestyle.

It is important to note that an enlarged prostate is not the same as prostate cancer. While an enlarged prostate may cause similar symptoms, it is a benign (non-cancerous) condition and is treated differently than cancer. Read on to learn about the signs of an enlarged prostate gland.

How is an Enlarged Prostate Diagnosed?

Suppose you’re wondering how to check prostate enlargement. In that case, your healthcare provider will likely start by performing a physical exam and asking about your medical history and symptoms. They may also ask you to complete a urinary symptoms questionnaire to assess the severity of your symptoms.

You will be asked to perform a particular set of tests for prostate enlargement, like the BPH diagnosis (Benign prostatic hyperplasia). Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate treatment for your enlarged prostate based on those results.

What is the Best Treatment for Enlarged Prostate?

The treatment of an enlarged prostate will mostly depend on the severity of your symptoms, the size of your prostate gland, and any underlying health conditions you may have. Your healthcare provider may recommend one or a combination of the following for enlarged prostate treatment:
  • Medications: Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors can help relax the prostate and reduce symptoms.
  • Minimally invasive procedures: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or laser therapy can remove excess prostate tissue.
  • Surgery: Open prostatectomy or robotic prostatectomy can be used to remove the entire prostate gland.
  • Watchful waiting: Watchful waiting is an option for a patient with mild symptoms that are not bothersome or if they are not progressing.
It is essential to discuss all of your treatment options with your healthcare provider and to consider your personal preferences and values when making a decision. Your provider will help you weigh the benefits and risks of each treatment and determine the best course of action for you.
Ongo care doctor wearing stethoscope pointing left hand

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Self Care Instructions for Enlarged Prostate

Self-care is important in managing an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Some self-care measures that may help alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life include:

  • Drinking plenty of water: Drinking enough fluids, especially water, can help reduce the need to urinate frequently and prevent urinary tract infections.
  • Timing urination: Try to urinate at regular intervals rather than waiting until the urge to urinate becomes overwhelming.
  • Avoiding triggers: Certain foods and drinks, such as caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods, can exacerbate symptoms of BPH. Avoiding or limiting these triggers may help alleviate symptoms.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can help improve overall health and may help alleviate symptoms of BPH.
  • Stress Management: Stress can exacerbate symptoms; learn to manage stress through relaxation techniques, meditation, or yoga.
  • Seeking medical advice: If symptoms are severe or there is blood in urine, it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible.

It is also important to note that self-care measures should be used in conjunction with any medical treatments prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Ongo Care Team

The care team for patients with an enlarged prostate at Ongo Care includes a variety of healthcare professionals, depending on the individual’s specific needs and treatment plan. Some of the healthcare professionals we may involve in the care of patients with an enlarged prostate include:

  • Specialist Urologist
  • Primary care doctor
  • Nurse practitioner or physician assistant
  • Nurses
  • Physical therapist
  • Other specialists
It is essential to have open communication with all members of your care team, especially with the urologist specialist doctor, and to ask questions if you have any concerns about your care. Your care team will work together to help you manage your condition and improve your quality of life.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should I avoid with an enlarged prostate?

Several lifestyle changes may help you manage the symptoms of an enlarged prostate and improve your quality of life. These may include:

  • Limiting fluids before bedtime
  • Avoiding caffeine and alcohol
  • Going to the bathroom when you feel the urge
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight

It is also essential to follow your healthcare provider’s treatment plan and take any prescribed medications as directed. If you have any queries, questions, or concerns about your treatment or lifestyle modifications, speak with your healthcare provider.

What can make enlarged prostate worse?

Several factors may contribute to the progression of an enlarged prostate and worsen symptoms. These may include:

  • Aging
  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain medications
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Speaking with a healthcare provider if you are experiencing worsening symptoms or any new symptoms related to an enlarged prostate is essential. They can help determine the cause of the worsening symptoms and recommend the appropriate treatment.

How long can an enlarged prostate last?
It is a progressive condition that tends to get worse over time. The severity of your symptoms and the rate of progression can vary significantly from one individual to another.
Men with an enlarged prostate may experience mild symptoms that do not progress or interfere with their daily activities. In other cases, the condition may cause more severe symptoms that interfere with the quality of life. The length of time that an enlarged prostate lasts will depend on various factors, including the individual’s age, overall health, and the treatment received.

It is crucial and advisable to speak with a healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Early detection and treatment can help manage the condition and prevent complications.
Is the treatment of enlarged prostate covered by insurance?
Insurance plans can vary the coverage of treatment for an enlarged prostate. It is essential to check with your specific insurance plan to determine what is covered. Most insurance plans will generally cover the costs of medical treatment for BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia), including medications and minimally invasive procedures. Some programs may also cover surgery for an enlarged prostate. However, this may depend on the severity of the condition and the individual’s specific needs.
How Can we Prevent a Recurrence of BPH?
Preventing a recurrence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can be challenging, as the exact cause of the condition is not well understood. However, certain measures may help reduce the risk of a recurrence, including:
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Monitoring symptoms
  • Medication
  • Watchful waiting
Important Note: It is important to keep note that these measures are not guaranteed to prevent a recurrence of BPH, but they may help reduce the risk.
What's the recovery process of an enlarged prostate?
The recovery process for enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), will vary depending on the treatment type performed.
Who can treat enlarged prostate?
Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is typically treated by urologists.
How can I reduce my prostate enlargement?
There are several ways to reduce the size of an enlarged prostate. These include:
  • Medication
  • Minimally invasive procedures
  • Surgery
  • Watchful waiting
It’s important to note that the choice of treatment will depend on the individual’s specific symptoms.
Does having benign prostatic hyperplasia increase the risk of prostate cancer?
BPH is a non-cancerous enlargement and is not considered a precancerous condition. However, having BPH may increase the risk of prostate cancer to some extent.
What can/can't I eat If I have an enlarged prostate problem?

If you have an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)), certain foods may exacerbate your symptoms, and it is best to avoid or limit them.

  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Spicy foods
  • High-sugar foods and drinks
  • Processed food

On the other hand, eating a healthy diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low in saturated and trans fats may help reduce symptoms of BPH and promote overall health. Eating foods rich in antioxidants, such as berries, can be beneficial. Additionally, drinking enough fluids, especially water, can help reduce the need to urinate frequently and prevent urinary tract infections.

It is important to note that diet’s effects on BPH may vary from person to person, and it’s always optimal to consult a professional healthcare service before making any significant dietary changes.