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Infertility – Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment











What Is Infertility?

Infertility, also known as fertility impairment, refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception. It is a common reproductive health issue affecting both men and women.

Signs of infertility in women include:

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods.
  • Difficulty getting pregnant after a year of trying.
  • Problems with ovulation.

Signs of infertility in men include:

  • A low sperm count, this infertile.
  • Changes in the quality or quantity of sperm.
  • Erectile dysfunction.
Women and Men Infertility Signs
According to the CDC, about one in five heterosexual women in the United States who are between the ages of 15 and 49 and have never given birth are unable to conceive after trying for a year (infertility). Additionally, approximately one in four (26%) women in this group struggle to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term (impaired fecundity). In 2006–2010, 9.4% of men between the ages of 15 and 44 and 12% of men between the ages of 25 and 44 reported some form of infertility—either subfertility or nonsurgical sterility—similar to the levels seen in 2002.
Infertility in Women and Men - Data Report

Why Am I Infertile?

Various factors, including hormonal imbalances, genetic problems, age, lifestyle factors, and underlying medical conditions, can cause infertility. In some cases, infertility can be cured through medical intervention or lifestyle changes. Still, in other cases, it may be permanent.

It is important for anyone experiencing symptoms of infertility to speak with a doctor who can help diagnose the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment options.

What Are the Infertility Warning Signs and Symptoms

The male and female infertility symptoms vary depending on the underlying cause and can affect the male or female reproductive system.
Some common symptoms of infertility in women include:

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods.
  • Painful periods.
  • Heavy bleeding during periods.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Ovarian cysts.

In men, common synonyms for infertility include:

  • Low sperm count or motility.
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain or swelling in the testicles.
  • Decreased sex drive.

It is important to address infertility symptoms because infertile symptoms can impact a person’s mental and emotional well-being and affect their ability to start or grow a family. In some cases, infertility may be a symptom of an underlying medical condition that needs to be treated. Early diagnosis and treatment can increase the chances of successful conception.

Additionally, treating ifnfertility can help couples understand their options for building a family, whether it be through medical intervention, adoption, or other means. Seeking treatment can also improve overall reproductive and sexual health, which can have long-lasting positive impacts on general well-being.

What Causes Infertility?

The causes of infertility rely on various factors, which may be related to the male infertility or female infertility or result from underlying medical conditions. Some common causes of infertility include:

  • Ovulation disorders: Infertility can occur if a woman is not ovulating regularly. This can be caused by hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or other factors.
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage: If the fallopian tubes are also damaged or blocked, the egg and sperm may not be able to meet, resulting in infertility.
  • Endometriosis Infertility: it occurs when tissue similar to the endometrial lining grows outside the uterus, causing pain and infertility.
  • Male infertility: Men can also experience infertility due to various factors, including low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and erectile dysfunction.
  • Age: As women age, the quality and quantity of their eggs decrease, increasing the risk of infertility.
  • Lifestyle factors: Substance abuse, poor diet, and smoking can all contribute to infertility.
  • Underlying medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid problems, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases, can cause infertility.

It is important to consult with a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of infertility or if you have been unable to conceive after a year of trying. A doctor can help diagnose the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment options.

Diagnosis of Infertility

Infertility can be diagnosed through various tests and examinations, which can be performed on the male or female partner. Some common tests used to diagnose infertility include:

  • Ovulation tracking involves monitoring a woman’s menstrual cycle and patterns to determine if she is regularly ovulating.
  • Semen analysis: A semen analysis is performed on the male partner to evaluate the quantity and quality of his sperm.
  • Hormonal testing: Blood tests can evaluate hormone levels and determine if any imbalances may affect fertility.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound can evaluate the reproductive organs and check for any structural abnormalities or problems with ovulation.
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG): An HSG is an X-ray test that uses a dye to evaluate the shape of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Laparoscopy: A laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows a doctor to evaluate the reproductive organs and check for any structural problems.

In some cases, more specialized tests may be used to diagnose infertility, including:

  • Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) test: An AMH test can evaluate a woman’s egg reserve and determine her fertility potential.
  • Testicular biopsy: In some cases, a testicular biopsy may be performed to evaluate sperm production and determine if there is a problem with sperm production.
  • Genetic testing: Genetic testing can be used to identify any genetic problems that may be affecting fertility, including chromosomal abnormalities.

Working with a doctor to determine the most appropriate testing and treatment plan for your individual needs and circumstances is important.

Infertility Treatment

Infertility treatments can be done with various medications, surgeries, and assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). Some common infertility treatment options include:

Infertility Medication: Ovulation-stimulating drugs can help a woman ovulate and increase the chances of conception, like letrozole for infertility. Clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins are two common medications used to treat infertility.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may correct structural problems with the reproductive organs or remove any obstructions affecting fertility.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs): ARTs, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), can help couples conceive. During IVF, eggs are retrieved from the woman and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory setting. The resulting embryo is thereafter transferred to the uterus.

While fertility drugs and ARTs can effectively restore fertility, they can also have risks and side effects, including multiple pregnancies, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), and ectopic pregnancy.

Reproductive assistance, such as surrogacy or adoption, may also be an option for couples unable to conceive through other means. It is important to discuss all of your options with a doctor to determine the best path forward for your family-building journey.

Ongo care doctor wearing stethoscope pointing left hand

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Natural Remedies For Infertility

While some couples may choose to undergo medical treatments to restore fertility, others may prefer to try natural remedies or complementary therapies. Some natural treatments that may be helpful for infertility include:

  • Acupuncture for infertility: Acupuncture infertility is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves the process of insertion of thin needles into defined points of the body. It is thought to help improve fertility by promoting relaxation and reducing stress, and also increases blood flow to the reproductive organs.
  • Vitamins and supplements: Certain vitamins and supplements, such as folic acid, iron, and vitamin D, may help improve fertility.
  • Yoga and exercise: Regular physical activity and stress-reducing practices, such as yoga, can improve overall health and fertility.
  • Herbs and teas: Some herbal teas, such as red raspberry leaf and chamomile, may help to regulate the menstrual cycle and improve fertility.
  • Essential oils: Some essential oils, such as clary sage and geranium, may help to regulate hormones and improve fertility.
  • Fertility diet: A healthy, balanced diet that is rich in both vitamins and minerals, such as leafy greens, whole grains, and lean protein, can be beneficial for improving fertility.

It is important to note that while these natural treatments may be helpful for some individuals, they may not work for everyone and should not be used as a substitute for any medical treatment. It is important to consult with an infertility specialist before starting any new treatment or making changes to your diet or lifestyle.

Questions to Ask the Doctor Regarding Infertility

If you are concerned about infertility, you must have an open and honest conversation with your doctor. Some questions that you can ask your doctor include the following:

  • What infertility test do you recommend diagnosing the cause of my infertility?
  • Are there any lifestyle changes or medications that can improve my fertility?
  • What are my options for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF)?
  • Does birth control cause infertility?
  • What is the success rate for the treatments you are recommending?
  • Are there any risks associated with the treatments you are recommending?
  • Can you refer me to a specialist, such as a reproductive endocrinologist, for additional testing or treatment?
  • Are there any alternative or complementary treatments, such as acupuncture or herbal remedies, that may be helpful for my fertility?
  • How long should I try to conceive before seeking further medical treatment?
  • How to know if i’m infertile?
  • What can cause infertility?
  • Can fibroids cause infertility?
  • What causes infertility in women?
  • Do vibrators cause infertility?
  • How to know if you are an infertile male? How to know if you’re infertile?
  • Does PCOS cause infertility?
  • Does endometriosis cause infertility?
  • Can birth control make you infertile?
  • Can chlamydia cause infertility?
  • Does female masturbation cause infertility?
  • Can abortion cause infertility?
  • Can ovarian cysts cause infertility?
  • What is secondary infertility?
  • Does Olaplex cause infertility?
  • Is infertility genetic?
  • What is Infertility ICD 10?
  • What is infertile fertile ovulation discharge?
  • What is the relationship between endometriosis and infertility?
  • When is infertility awareness month?
  • What are the recommended reproductive medicine and infertility associates?
  • Who are some of the renowned infertility doctors near me?

A clear understanding of your options and the potential risks and benefits of each treatment can help you make informed decisions about your fertility and family-building journey.

Importance of Consultation With a Specialized Infertility Doctor

Consulting with a specialized doctor, such as a reproductive endocrinologist, is important for individuals struggling with infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist is a specialist who has received additional training in diagnosing and treating infertility.

By seeing a reproductive endocrinologist, you will have access to a range of specialized tests and treatments for infertility that may not be available through a general practitioner. A reproductive endocrinologist can also provide you with a more accurate diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and circumstances.

Additionally, a reproductive endocrinologist can help you understand your options for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), and can provide expert guidance and support throughout your fertility journey.

Overall, seeing a specialized doctor can be valuable in addressing infertility and improving your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and baby.

Why Ongo Care?

Ongo Care Telemedicine Services provides individuals with expert medical care and support for infertility through the Ongo Care Virtual Healthcare Portal. The team of specialists at Ongo Care has extensive experience and knowledge in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility, including assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) like in vitro fertilization (IVF).

At Ongo Care, you will receive a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and circumstances, as well as ongoing support and guidance throughout your fertility journey. The doctors at Ongo Care use the latest technologies and techniques to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients.

Additionally, Ongo Care provides a welcoming and supportive environment where you can feel comfortable discussing your concerns and receiving the help and support you need. Whether you are just beginning your journey to start a family or you have been struggling with infertility for some time, Ongo Care is here to help.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why Ongo Care for infertility?
Ongo Care can provide individuals with expert medical care and support for infertility, including specialized tests and treatments that may not be available through a general practitioner. By seeing a doctor at Ongo Care, you can receive a more accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and circumstances and also get answers to questions like“ can birth control cause infertility” or “can endometriosis cause infertility” immediately and much more.
What type of help can I get from Ongo Care if I have signs of infertility woman?
At Ongo Care, individuals with signs of infertility can receive specialized testing and treatment options, including ART, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Ongo Care can also provide support and guidance throughout your fertility journey.
When should I consider seeking fertility services?
If you have been hoping to conceive for over a year (or over six months if you are over 35 years old), it may be time to consider seeking fertility services. Other factors, such as a history of pelvic surgery or a general medical condition that affects fertility, may also warrant seeking fertility services earlier.
What are your success rates?
The success rates for fertility treatments can vary depending on factors, including age, underlying medical conditions, and the treatment used. Your doctor at Ongo Care can provide information on the success rates for the treatments they recommend based on your specific circumstances.
What are treatment options for older ladies?
Older women may be candidates for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Other options may include medications to stimulate ovulation or donor egg or sperm. Your doctor at Ongo Care can provide you with a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and circumstances.
Do I need any tests before my appointment?
Your doctor at Ongo Care may request that you undergo certain tests before your appointment to help diagnose the cause of your infertility. This may include blood tests, pelvic exams, or imaging tests such as an ultrasound. Your doctor can provide more information on the specific difficulties they recommend.